Lyons, Council of

   The council held in 1274 created a union of the churches (q.v.) on paper. This union was extorted from Michael VIII by Pope Gregory X (qq.v.), who threatened to support Charles I of Anjou's (q.v.) planned invasion of Byzantium (q.v.). The church union was a great victory for the papacy (q.v.), and for Michael it had the desired effect of preventing Charles's invasion. Nevertheless, Michael VIII paid a price at home, since the union was repudiated by ordinary citizens and clergy alike. They rejected John XI Bekkos as patriarch (qq.v.), remaining loyal to Arsenios (q.v.). Michael's jailing of opponents only deepened the internal crisis resulting from the union. In 1285, after Michael VIII's death, a church council rejected the union.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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  • Lyons —     Lyons     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Lyons     The Archdiocese of Lyons (Lugdunensis) comprises the Department of the Rhône (except the Canton of Villeurbanne, which belongs to the Diocese of Grenoble) and of the Loire. The Concordat of 1801… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Lyons — is used to refer to many different people, places and other entities.Places In Europe * Lyons la Forêt, France * Lyons, Tyne and Wear, England * Lyons Hill, Ireland In the United States * Lyons, Colorado * Lyons, Georgia * Lyons, Illinois * Lyons …   Wikipedia

  • Lyons, First Council of — • Innocent IV, threatened by Emperor Frederick II, arrived at Lyons 2 December, 1244, and early in 1245 summoned the bishops and princes to the council Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Council of Basle —     Council of Basle     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Council of Basle     Convoked by Pope Martin V in 1431, closed at Lausanne in 1449. The position of the pope as the common Father of the Christian world had been seriously compromised by the… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Council of Constance —     Council of Constance     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Council of Constance     A (partly) ecumenical council held at Constance, now in the Grand Duchy of Baden, from 5 Nov., 1414, to 22 April, 1418. Its forty five general sessions were devoted… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Council of Vienne — Date 1311 1312 Accepted by Roman Catholicism Previous council Second Council of Lyons Next council Council of Constance Convoked by Pope …   Wikipedia

  • Lyons, Second Council of — • One of the most largely attended of conciliar assemblies, there being present five hundred bishops, sixty abbots, more than a thousand prelates or procurators Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Council Tax — Taxation An aspect of fiscal policy …   Wikipedia

  • Lyons — noun 1. the council of the Western Church in 1245 that excommunicated Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II and planned a new crusade against the Holy Land • Syn: ↑First Council of Lyons • Hypernyms: ↑council 2. a city in east central France on the… …   Useful english dictionary

  • LYONS, Joseph Aloysius (1879-1939) — prime minister of Australia was born at Circular Head near Stanley, Tasmania, on 15 September 1879. His father, Michael Lyons, was a successful farmer who afterwards engaged in a butchery and bakery business, but lost this on account of bad… …   Dictionary of Australian Biography

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